Effects of respiratory pressure changes
venous pressure in the thoracic vein
(a) and the abdominal vein (b). The modulating effect of respiration is clearly observed.
thoracic vena cava pressure, Pthor =intrapleural pressure, PV,bd
cava pressure and Pabd
intraperitoneal pressure. From Moreno
Temporal relation of flow waveforms in the aorta, pulmonary artery,
pulmonary vein and vena cava. From Morgan et al.,