reverses during atrial contraction. Additionally, it can be seen from the
figure that pulmonary vein pressure and flow peak in an almost out-of-
phase manner. Figure
further illustrates the temporal relations
these flow waveforms.
Abnormal Venous Pressure
As mentioned earlier that central venous pulse reflects the conditions
the heart. Fig.
illustrates the jugular venous pulse recorded in a
subject with coronary arterial disease (Benchimol,
be interpreted as normal with
landmarks. However, there is a prominent h wave, proceeding the atrial
contraction and is normally associated with abnormal filling.
Simultaneously recorded mitral
phonocardiograms, together with the jugular venous pulse tracing
subject with coronary arterial disease.
waves can be identified, together with
wave. From Benchimol(l98